The tax, introduced in 2006, currently stands at €13,623/MW per year. Half of the amount raised will go to coastal communities within view of the turbines, up to a maximum of 12 nautical miles. The share paid to each municipality will be calculated according to their population and distance from turbines.
In addition, France’s National Committee for Marine Fisheries and Marine Farming will receive 35% of the tax revenues to support projects promoting sustainable use of fisheries resources.
Finally, 15% will go to projects "contributing to the sustainable development of maritime activities," which are defined as sailing, water sports and aquaculture.
The idea behind the tax is that local communities will be more likely to support offshore wind projects if they benefit directly.
France, which has no offshore facilities to date, but is targeting 6GW by 2020. Last year, the government launched a tender for 3GW.